Toroidal Orbits

t01.gif t01.c source - - - - tor00.hc subroutines and include file

t04.gif t04.c source - - - - tor00.hc subroutines and include file

t08.gif t08.c source - - - - tor00.hc subroutines and include file

t12.gif t12.c source - - - - tor00.hc subroutines and include file

t16.gif t16.c source - - - - tor00.hc subroutines and include file

t24.gif t24.c source - - - - tor00.hc subroutines and include file

t25.gif t25.c source - - - - tor00.hc subroutines and include file

t26.gif t26.c source - - - - tor00.hc subroutines and include file

t27.gif t27.c source - - - - tor00.hc subroutines and include file

t28.gif t28.c source - - - - tor00.hc subroutines and include file

t41.gif t41.c source - - - - tor00.hc subroutines and include file

t42.gif t42.c source - - - - tor00.hc subroutines and include file

Apogee Skew

Here is an array of 125 thinsats in a 3 dimensional equal-spacing grid, looking inwards towards the ground as the array completes a 4 hour orbit. The rows of five thinsats follow each other in their orbits, separated very slightly in time. You can see the rows apparently rotating away and backwards, or towards and forwards, completing a rotation around the central orbit (gray) once per orbit. Watch the white circles make one loop, from back to top to front to bottom and back again.

As a row of thinsats moves from the back towards the top, it moves forwards in the orbit by twice its spacing from the center orbit. This is apogee skew, where the satellites at the midpoints between perigee and apogee are skewed towards apogee. This skew is caused by the higher speed and shorter path on the perigee side of the orbit.

Thinsat sizes are exaggerated compared to their spacing, and the whole array shown orbiting the earth is hugely exaggerated. The thinsats are actually smaller compared to their spacing, and slightly offset so they do not obscure each others radio path to the ground, or shade each other from the sun. They also have offsets to reduce grating lobes in the RF pattern. But the even spacing is prettier...

Embedded application/x-shockwave-flash

ap02.c source ... (needs libgd and swftools package)


The three dimensional grid illustrated above shows the orbital dynamics, but a server sky thinsat array will probably map onto the surface of a squashed ellipsoid, look for later work on this website. Interarray spacings may look like this grid, although at extreme densities (terawatts of energy collection) the night-time sky pollution effects will be unacceptable. The effects will be 30 times smaller at GEO, due to inverse square attenuation, but this does place an ecological-effects upper limit on the deployment of SSPS.

ToroidalOrbits (last edited 2017-07-21 20:38:12 by KeithLofstrom)